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Дипломы по ТО и ТР автомобилей

Контрольная работа Охрана труда Вариант 89


Введение 3

Задание 2. Требования к помещению для технического обслуживания и ремонта автомобилей и агрегатов. 4

Задание 6. Какие различают виды и системы освещения? Какие требования предъявляются к производственному освещению? В каких случаях предусматривается аварийное освещение? Какие требования должны соблюдаться при оборудовании осмотровых канав люминесцентными лампами напряжением 127- 220 В? 7

Задача 40. 10

Задача: Определить величину тока, который пройдет через тело человека при двухфазном включении его в цепь, однофазном с заземленной нейтралью, однофазном с изолированной нейтралью, если известно, что линейное напряжение U, сопротивление исправной изоляции R1, сопротивление изоляции ухудшенного качества R2, сопротивление тела человека R3. Проанализировать полученные данные.

Задание 44. Какие автоматические извещатели о пожаре могут использоваться на АТП и как они действуют? 12

Задание 48. Какое действие на человека оказывает электрический ток? От каких факторов зависит степень опасного и вредного воздействия электрического тока на человека. 15

Заключение 19

Список использованных источников 20

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Контрольная работа Английский язык Вариант 1


  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-1 3
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-2 6
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-3 8
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-4 9
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-5 10
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-6 11

Задание № 1

I Translate the text.

Types of Loading.

As to the manner in which loads are applied or transmitted to a structure of machine they may be considered as static loads, repeated loads, impact and energy loads.

In static, steady or dead loads are forces that are applied slowly and remain nearly constant after being applied to the body such as the loads on most buildings or the load applied to a bar in the usual type of testing machine.

Repeated loads are forces that are applied a very large number of times causing a stress in the material that is continually changing, usually through some definite range. Such are the loads applied to the connecting rod of an engine is running, the wheel loads on a railroad rail as a train passes over the rail and similar ones.

Impact loads are forces that are applied to the resisting body in a relatively short period of time. An impact load, in general, is applied by a moving body when it comes in contact with the resisting body. The force exerted by the moving body and the period during which it acts in general cannot be determined. For this reason in some problems it is more satisfactory to calculate the stress and strain produced by an impact load from the energy delivered to the resisting body by the moving body.

Other Classifications of Loads. Loads may be classified as distributed loads and concentrated loads. A distributed load may be uniformly distributed or non-uniformly distributed. A concentrated load is one whose area of contact with the resisting body is negligible in comparison with the area of the resisting body.

Задание № 2

II Write out from the text the sentences with verbs in the form of the Participle or the Gerund or the Subjunctive mood.

Задание № 3

III Translate the text.

Зимние шины не рекомендуется эксплуатировать при температуре выше +5 по Цельсию. Они мало того, что становятся мягче и буквально «плавятся», но кроме того еще и не выполняют в полной мере своих функций, устойчивость автомобиля на дороге при этом становится большим вопросом.

Задание № 4

IV Supply some, any, no, where required.

Задание № 5

V Choose the correct variant.

1. Before you..., don't forget to lock the door.

-are leaving; -will leave; -leave; -shall leave.

2. Please do not speak to anyone before the police....

-come; -are coming; -’ll come; came.

3. His parents will be very glad if she the university.

-enter; -’ll enter; -enters; -entered.

4. When you...my brother, you...him.

-'ll see; -won't recognize; -see won't recognize; -saw, recognize; -'ll see, don't recognize.

5. We won't discuss the matter until the headmaster....

-'ll arrive; -won’t arrive; -doesn’t arrive; -arrives.

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Контрольная работа Английский язык Вариант 7


  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-1 3
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-2 5
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-3 7
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-4 8
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-5 9
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-6 10

Задание № 1

I. Translate the text.

Machine Elements.

Screw fastenings.

Machine parts are held together by parts:

a) working in tension,

b) working in shear,

c) creating friction, and

d) using both shear and friction forces.

Types of Fastenings-All fastenings can be divided into two classes- disconnectable fastenings and permanent joints. Disconnectable fastenings, in turn are effected by:

a) bolts and screws

b) wedges

c) dowel pins

d) keys

Permanent joints are obtained by means of:

a) press fits

b) shrink fits

c) rivets

d) welding, brazing, and soldering

e) casting.

Forms if Threads. Screw fastenings are used for holding two or more machine parts together or for adjusting one part with relation to another. In screw fastenings the threads are made in several forms but are always of triangular-type single thread. Screw threads are made right-hand and left-hand.

Задание № 2

II. Write out from the text the sentences with verbs in the form of the Participle or the Gerund or the Subjunctive mood.

Задание № 3

III. Translate the text.

Свеча зажигания — устройство для воспламенения топливно-воздушной смеси в самых разнообразных тепловых двигателях. Бывают искровые, дуговые, накал каталитические. В бензиновых двигателях внутреннего сгорания используются свечи.

Задание № 4

IV. Fill in the blanks with the preposition required.

Translate the sentences int...week-days we work. We rest...Sundays. I get up...the morning. We sleep...night promised to do this work...time. We have our vacation...January. We live...th century. We tell the...a clock or a watch. Our child is in the fresh air...morning ..father comes home...noon.

Задание № 5

V. Use the Present Simple or the Present Progressive:

1. Why you (walk) so fast today? You usually (walk) quite slowly.-1 (hurry). I am afr the train.

2. Cuckoos (not to build) nests. They (to use) the nests of other birds.

3. I always (to buy) lottery tickets, but I seldom (to win)

4. You cannot (to have) the book now because my brother (to read) it.

5. Some people (to do) everything with their left hand.

6. Who (to make) that terrible noise?-It is my son.

7. How you (to feel)?

Задание № 6

VI. Use an adjective or a proverb.

1. If you read this joke (proper) you will understand it.

2. It was a (gay) song and she sang it (gay).

3. She spoke very (good) and everybody wondered where she had learnt to speak so f.

4. She was (kind ) to him and he was (happy).

5. The children were running among the trees laughing (happy).

6. (Usual) I get up (early) but that Sunday I got up (late).

7. The work must be done (careful).

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Контрольная работа Английский язык Вариант 4


  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-1 3
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-2 5
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-4 6
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-5 7
  • ЗАДАНИЕ №-6 8


I. Translate the text.

Basic elements of hydraulic systems.

The basic elements of hydraulic systems are:

1. The fluid.

2. The generator element (pump).

3. The transmission element (pipes and connections).

4. The control element (valve or restrictor).

5. The motor element (jack or continuous motor).

6. Tank and filter.

It can only function as a pump while the piston is moving into the cylinder and acts as a motor while the piston moves back. If non-return valves are added, the inlet valve is connected to a tank and the piston is given a to-and-fro motion, the device, becomes a source of continuous supply of liquid, except for interruptions during the suction stroke, which can be avoided by having two or more cylinders and pistons. Thus we obtain continuous pump.


II. Write out from the text the sentences with verbs in the form of the Participle or the Gerund or the Subjunctive mood.


IV. Fill in the prepositions.

It was two o'clock when John went ... the dining-room to have dinner. Peter was already there. He sat ... a table with a book ... his hands. John took the menu ... the next table. When the waitress came, he ordered some soup and meat. "Can you bring me some white bread?" asked John. "Yes, of course, I can", answered the waitress, "I shall bring you some ... a minute". She came back ... a few minutes. "What will you have ... dessert?" she asked. John asked her to bring him some ice-cream. "I'm sorry", said the waitress. "It will only be ready ... half an hour". So they took some milk, paid ... their dinner, and went out ... the street. John then went ... the library, Peter went home.


V. Put these sentences in the Future and in the Past

1. The tourists are shown many places of interest in our town.

2. The Moscow University is greatly admired by everybody.

3. New metro station is built in our town.

4. The poem is recited in our group.

5. We are told to wait outside.


VI. Use the Past Indefinite or the Past Perfect.

1. They (to complete) all the preparation for the fancy-dress ball by 5 o'clock.

2. On leaving the hospital the man (to thank) the doctor who (to cure) him of his disease.

3. In the morning all the passengers (to feel) good after the night they (to spend) in the comfortable sleeper.

4. During my last visit to the picture gallery I (to find) that I no longer (to like) the pictures which (to impress) me when I first (to see) them. Evidently my taste (to change).

5. Last night he (complete) the experiment which he (to begin) some months before.

6. They (to be) friends for some ten years before I (to meet) them.

7. No sooner she (to open) the drawer than she (to find) the photo which she (to think) she (tolose) long before.

8. I (to refuse) to give a definite answer before I (to receive) a letter from him.

400 ru

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